formwork for concrete construction elements to be applied in freeform shell structure. A concrete shell, also commonly called thin shell concrete structure, is a structure composed of a relatively thin shell of concrete usually with no interior columns or exterior buttresses. The reason for this was that the biggest motivation for designing concrete shells, reducing material costs, was losing ground to the rapid increase of labour costs. The Monolithic Dome is a thin-shell concrete structure — emphasis on thin. RCC shell roofs are becoming very popular these days. The use of concrete as a building material reduces both materials cost and the construction cost. The Monolithic Dome shell is so thin that it’s proportionally thinner than an egg shell 1. The construction process of concrete shells was considered extremely labour-intensive and time-consuming. They can also take the form of ellipsoids or cylindrical sections. Large span concrete shell roofs are an ideal solution and is a result of a unique synthesis between architecture and structural engineering. From the 1960’s the interest in concrete shell structures suddenly decreased. Shell allowing wide areas to be spanned without the use of internal supports, giving an open, unobstructed interior. Shell: Advantages of Concrete Shells: The curved shapes often used for concrete shells are naturally strong structures. In the city of Hsinchu in northern Taiwan, Taipei-based firm Yuan Architects designed a four-level dwelling with a Brutalist-style, raw concrete shell. An undulating, S-shaped interior wall guides the programs within this Brutalist-inspired concrete abode. Thin concrete. Shell roofs typically composed of concrete panels curved, cylindrically or spherically to achieve greater strength. The first concrete shell dates back to the 2nd century. 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